Nothing I'm aware of will give the exact same output.
show switchports vlans is similar but doesn't distinguish between access and trunk ports.
I agree with Jayh. In my experience with AOS, It's best to "show start" to see how the ports are configured. Aside from that, the GUI will show it the ports are in trunk mode or access mode. I don't use the web GUI much, but it works well for seeing the port assignments on the switch.