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NV3305 High CPU usage

Ok, First of all I'm completely new to Adtran devices, however, I'm quite experienced in networking. This is the situation, 2 adtran NV3305 routers, each in a different city and connected to each other over a dedicated link, and basically they just forward traffic from one to the other, so you might say that the network load is pretty much the same for both. Both devices are identical in reference and firmware. One of them has a CPU usage of 12% while the other reaches 100% and I assume is the cause of slowness and packet loss during peak hours. To give you a clearer idea, this is what I'm talking about:

System load: 1sec:100.00%  1min:100.00%  5min:100.00%  Min: 0.00%  Max: 100.00%

Context switch load: 0.35%

Task Task                       Invoked  Exec Time    Runtime     Load %

Id   Name            PRI STAT   (count)  (usec)       (usec)      (1sec)

0    Idle              0 W    3758795001        270          0       0.00

1    PC Config        12 S    2069263564       1099     201835      20.18

2    Timer-00         37 W    3871048725          4       3174       0.32

3    Nm01             11 W            0   27778923          0       0.00

4    Clock            20 W     13067759         40         57       0.01

5    FrontPanel      249 W    119807049        304       7326       0.73

6    PCI Bridge      200 W     42354920         19        316       0.03

7    RouteTableTick   50 W      7507589        149        154       0.02

8    OSPF             50 W     30109274       1616       1665       0.17

9    IGMPTick         50 W      4406793         56         59       0.01

10   IGMP-Receiver    50 W            1          6          0       0.00

11   IP Events       121 W      7814702         62         71       0.01

12   Thread Pool      10 S         1397         56          0       0.00

13   tcptimer        110 W       510296         29        130       0.01

14   tcpinp          250 W       534027         57       2276       0.23

15   tcpout          250 W       581161        115       1715       0.17

16   WWW             250 W      4479570        148          0       0.00

17   DnsTable         50 W       857904         11          0       0.00

18   DnsProxy         50 W       883569         53          0       0.00

19   Port Manager     20 W    106300841        188       4337       0.43

20   PacketRouting   250 W    4229497708      27658     791699      79.17

21   RSTP            249 W            0        482          0       0.00

22   RSTP            249 W            0        492          0       0.00

23   e1 1/1          100 W    412242286         13        761       0.08

Rest omitted......

I've compared the configurations and they are almost the same, except for this:

interface eth 0/1

  ip address

  no ip route-cache

  no shutdown


This is one of the interfaces in the affected router, the other router does not have that sentence. I've been reading about route cache express and ip ffe, but not sure which one should I use and if that will solve the problem. Also, I'm administering the router remotely, changing any of these parameters (cache routing, ffe) in the same interface I'm connected take the interface down? Will I get kicked out?  I've attached a sanitized copy of the configuration, any help will be appreciated.


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Not applicable

Re: NV3305 High CPU usage

- Thanks for posting your question on the forum!

I don't think you need route-cache or FFE as it appears that this router is just being used to pass traffic through. Based on what you posted, it looks like you are seeing an influx of traffic hitting your router. What is the average CPU usage you are seeing on that router (when it is not maxed out)? How often does it spike up like that? Could you post the output of "show int" from the affected router?

Let us know if you have any questions.



Re: NV3305 High CPU usage

Noor, thanks for your response.

The router was hanging at 100% CPU load, so I applied both settings, ffe and route cache. The CPU load dropped to 60/70% at peak hours which I still find very unusual, but at least there's no packet loss now. When not maxed out, the CPU load is around 30%, mostly used by "PC Config" process. There's a GRE tunnel configured, when there is traffic on this tunnel, the process "PacketRouting" can eat as much as 30% of CPU, when the operation that uses this tunnel closes (everyday at 6pm), the CPU use for PacketRouting drops below 1%. Are GRE tunnels supposed to load the CPU that much?

This is the output of the show int command. Both of them show similar info as the router mostly passes traffic through. Also checked that they are both in 100/FULL

Router#sh int eth 0/1

eth 0/1 is UP, line protocol is UP

  Hardware address is xxxxxxxxxxx

  Ip address is, netmask is

  MTU is 1500 bytes, BW is 100000 Kbit

  100Mb/s, negotiated full-duplex, configured full-duplex

  ARP type: ARPA; ARP timeout is 20 minutes

  5 minute input rate 4728560 bits/sec, 3407 packets/sec

  5 minute output rate 4744296 bits/sec, 3539 packets/sec

    Queueing method: fifo

    Output queue: 0/256/0 (size/max total/drops)

    1754152716 packets input, 3895491468 bytes

    1753959222 unicasts, 51982 broadcasts, 141512 multicasts input

    22 unknown protocol, 0 symbol errors, 0 discards

    35593 input errors, 0 runts, 0 giants

    4782 no buffer, 30811 overruns, 0 internal receive errors

    0 alignment errors, 0 crc errors

    2966420300 packets output, 3222913683 bytes

    2966075398 unicasts, 12546 broadcasts, 332356 multicasts output

    0 output errors, 0 deferred, 0 discards

    0 single, 0 multiple, 0 late collisions

    0 excessive collisions, 0 underruns

    0 internal transmit errors, 0 carrier sense errors

    0 resets, 0 throttles


Not applicable

Re: NV3305 High CPU usage

- Can you tell me if those errors on the interface are incrementing? Could you post the output to "show events"? Remember to remove any sensitive information.

GRE tunnels are known to be more CPU intensive than other routing functions so that does not surprise me. However, I would say if your device is staying below 80% on an average, then you should be okay as far as CPU processing goes.

Let us know if you have any questions.



Not applicable

Re: NV3305 High CPU usage


Do you have further questions on this post?  If so, please do not hesitate to reply.  I will be happy to help in any way I can.


Not applicable

Re: NV3305 High CPU usage


I went ahead and flagged "Assumed Answered" on this post to make it more visible and help other members of the community find solutions more easily. If you feel like there is a better answer, feel free to come back to this post and select it with the applicable buttons.  If you have any additional information on this that others may benefit from, please come back to this post to provide an update.  If you still need assistance, we would be more than happy to continue working with you on this - just let us know in a reply.