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deckhopper
New Contributor II

How to Configure NAT on an Adtran NetVanta Router

Attached PDF -- configuring NAT on an Adtran NetVanta router

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bcrinehart
New Contributor III

Re: How to Configure NAT on an Adtran NetVanta Router

I follow the use of ACLs and policy-class lists. I've set up NAT when an ISP provides a range of IP addresses. A Netvanta 1335 is equipped with Switchports, no ETH interfaces. I've typically assigned the ISP's addrs to a VLAN interface.

interface vlan 99

  description Internet connection

  ip address  174.140.88.64  255.255.255.0

  ip ffe

  ip address range  174.140.88.143  174.140.88.145  255.255.255.0  secondary

  ip address range  174.140.88.215  174.140.88.220  255.255.255.0  secondary

  ip access-policy InetInPolicy

  crypto map VPN

  ip route-cache express

  no shutdown

!

I do not understand why you used address 1.1.1.66 - 68 and assigned them to a loopback interface. Do these represent a range of IP addrs assigned by the ISP that are different than the network address assigned by the ISP to the WAN interface?

Is the loop interface required because the router has ETH interfaces to the Internet?

I would also like an explanation of the use of the null route. The address 1.1.1.66 to 68 are public IP addrs, correct?

A route on the Internet is going to direct traffic to these IPs via the WAN IP addr, 144.x.x.2, correct?

Does the use of the null route negate the need to include these IP addrs as secondary on one of the Interfaces?

jayh
Honored Contributor
Honored Contributor

Re: How to Configure NAT on an Adtran NetVanta Router


bcrinehart wrote:



!


I do not understand why you used address 1.1.1.66 - 68 and assigned them to a loopback interface. Do these represent a range of IP addrs assigned by the ISP that are different than the network address assigned by the ISP to the WAN interface?



Is the loop interface required because the router has ETH interfaces to the Internet?


I think this is a scenario where the provider's WAN IP of 144.x.x.2 is the point-to-point link and 1.1.1.x is the LAN bock routed by the ISP.  Rather than the null-route the extras he could have used a netmask on the loopback to encompass all of the routed LAN addresses.

interface loop 1

  ip address 1.1.1.64 255.255.255.248

would probably have been a better choice than the null-routes.


I would also like an explanation of the use of the null route. The address 1.1.1.66 to 68 are public IP addrs, correct?


A route on the Internet is going to direct traffic to these IPs via the WAN IP addr, 144.x.x.2, correct?


Does the use of the null route negate the need to include these IP addrs as secondary on one of the Interfaces?


They're public now but probably weren't assigned in 2012 when the original was posted. Actually 1.0.0.0/8 is public but 1.1.1.0/24 and 1.2.3.0/24 are pretty much unusable due to examples such as there and are assigned to Google for research. He probably should have used RFC5737 space such as 192.0.2.0/24, 198.51.100.0/24 or 203.0.113.0/24 in his example. RFC 5737 - IPv4 Address Blocks Reserved for Documentation

Note that this post is from June 2012 and has had no replies for nearly three years.